The Archaeological Sites of Chania
For the lovers of ancient Greek and Cretan civilization, but also for the uninformed who seek to satiate their thirst for knowledge of the past, the prefecture of Chania offers a unique trip back in time.
Beyond the ancient Minoan remains and the scattered historical discoveries of ancient Kydonia
that are located beneath the modern city of Chania,
there are also more cities of classical Greek antiquity and of the Roman world that crop up in every corner of the prefecture.
It was founded in the 7th century BC in a prominent position where it towers above the gulf of Souda and the plain of Armeni, having at its south the huge bulk of the White Mountains as an impressive setting.
Elyros was one of the most important Greek cities in western Crete. It was an industrial and commercial city which had factories for weaponry production. Sougia and Lissos were its harbors.
The latter option entails an traversing a beautiful, scenic and relatively passable gorge and climbing a mountainside before a descent to the lovely pebble beach.
Secure behind powerful Hellenistic walls, the city had an enclosed, well-fortified port which made it one of the strongest naval and piratical cities of Crete.
Ancient Polyrhenia was a rich and powerful city due to its strategic position; its acropolis has views of both the Cretan and the Libyan seas.
Archaeological remains can be seen in many other places of the prefecture like ancient Minoa
in Marathi of Akrotiri,
the temple of Diktynna in Menies,
the Hellenistic remains in Rokka,
the Roman residences with the mosaic floors in Kissamos,
the agrarian sanctuary of Poseidon in Tsiskiana, ancient Elyros in Rodovani
and ancient Tarra at the exit of Samaria Gorge.