Neapoli, which during the Venetian period was the site of the small village of Kares, suffered serious damage when the Venetians crushed the uprising of the Psaromilingi in the 14th century. It was named Neapoli (New Town) when it became the administrative centre during Turkish rule and Adosidis pasha (a Christian from Istanbul in the service of the Sublime Porte) undertook considerable building works. In its mosque, about 400 Muslim Cretans were burned alive in 1827. Despite the protests of the locals, in 1904 Agios Nikolaos was designated as the capital of the prefecture. Neapoli houses a small archaeological collection which includes ceramics, stone jars, jewellery and tools from the Minoan period, as well as a rich numismatic collection.

Chania (Hania)|Heraklion (Iraklion)|Rethymnon|Lasithi